If your air conditioner is humming, it might mean there is an electrical or mechanical problem. Take steps now to determine the issue with your air conditioner.
Possible causes of your cooling system’s humming can include:
- The condenser fan motor on the unit may be unable to spin but is still connected to power, creating resistance that leads to a pronounced—and often loud—humming sound.
- There could be a mechanical or electrical [malfunction|failure|breakdown]9] with the contractor relay switch, which is responsible for starting the outside unit when the indoor temperature rises to the level where cooling is necessary. When the contractor breaks, it can create a humming sound. The switch can be found in the exterior condenser unit outside your home.
- The circuit breaker is overloaded - normally, your circuit breaker trips when it becomes overloaded. However, if the circuit breaker is damaged and can’t, you might hear an electrical humming noise.
- Ice on condenser - if your unit freezes over, this can produce a loud humming or buzzing noise. If your air conditioner is frozen, there are several other potential causes such as a refrigerant leak, clogged air filter or malfunctioning blower motor. A broken blower motor will sometimes create a humming or buzzing noise, and is located in your furnace. If the furnace is located near the exterior condenser, you might mistake the source of the humming noise. With the AC running, found out if the humming or buzzing is louder near the exterior condenser unit or the furnace.
- The AC Condenser Fan Motor is damaged - similar to the blower motor failing, a broken condenser fan motor can also make a humming noise when it malfunctions. If the indoor blower is on but the fan is not turning, your fan motor may emit a loud buzz. Some people perceive this noise as more of a hum than a buzz. There can be different causes for a failure of this part including debris reaching the condenser, overgrowth near the unit, loose parts, etc.
- Loose components inside the air conditioner - Your HVAC system is a complex machine with a lot of moving parts. Over time, it’s possible that some parts broke loose due to typical wear and tear. A loose part can cause premature wear and loud noises, including a humming noise.
- Refrigerant pipes are vibrating - If your refrigerant lines are undercharged, it can cause vibration. This vibration will sometimes sound like a humming noise. There may be other causes for a vibrating refrigerant line, like an improperly mounted expansion valve.
A humming sound is evidence that something inside your air conditioner is off and needs a closer look. Given the causes above, it’s beneficial to determine where the sound is coming from. Your entire HVAC system is one unit. The air conditioner needs adequate airflow to operate correctly. Air blows through the air filter, and it’s the blower motor (located inside the furnace) that moves air through the entire system to heat or cool your home. If the air filter is clogged, or the blower motor breaks, that can cause issues with your condenser unit located outside the home.
Resolving the AC humming issue does best with a technician to perform a diagnostic assessment on the whole unit. This work should never be attempted by a homeowner, but only by a certified technician. Your HVAC system has hazardous refrigerants running through it that should be carefully handled only by a professional. Electrical components to your system should never be adjusted by a novice due to the risk of electrocution. Homeowners are better served trusting an HVAC company to examine and repair their system if they notice any odd humming, whirring, or buzzing noises coming from their unit.
If a component like the blower motor is damaged, it may be because your furnace is near the end of its lifespan. The blower motor is not a part that needs to be replaced often. Working with Stevenson Service Experts, we will not only diagnose your problem and provide recommendations to resolve things as soon as possible, we’ll also review your HVAC system entirely. If your unit is better off replaced, we have affordable options with top tier service available through financing. We also have the Advantage program that will get you a new system for a low monthly rate.